A Director’s Perspective


© 2014 Mark Piper


An actor, actress, player or thespian is a person who acts in a dramatic production and who works in film, television, theatre, or radio in that capacity. The ancient Greek word for an actor, (hypokrites), when rendered as a verb means “to interpret”;in this sense, an actor is one who interprets a dramatic character.


A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director visualizes the script, controlling a film’s artistic and technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of their vision.


Honour the Writer

Story Development – The Idea


A log line or logline is a brief summary of a television program, film, or motion picture often providing both a synopsis of the program’s plot, and an emotional “hook” to stimulate interest.

The Three Act Structure

The three act structure is found in all forms of storytelling, dating back to the
earliest recorded stories. Its basis is very simple:
Act 1
• we access the information we need to understand the story – set up
characters, relationships, the central question, the central theme
Act 2
• we explore and develop the story elements put in place in act 1
Act 3
• we bring together and resolve all the story strands in the climax – in script
parlance “paying it off”.
The three act structure is the standard narrative for movies, linked to the fact
that the average adult human attention span is 20 minutes.
In the three act structure every major structural story point falls inside on the
magic 20 minutes.
It is worth remembering that in properly formatted feature film script a page
equates to one minutes of screen time.
The Setup establishes the world of the movie and introduces them main
The Inciting Incident, sometimes called the Catalyst, is the story event that
starts the engine of conflict that will drive the story. It should be an action
point, not a dialogue point if possible; it establishes the protagonist’s goal
and raises the question the film must answer at the end.
The First Act Turning Point is the story event that propells the story into a
heightened realm of conflict and action. A strong turning point in a movie
aims to work on several different levels. It should aim to:
• be an action point, imparting momentum to the story
• turn the action around – in effect, a story twist
• raise the stakes
• raise the central question again
• bring us in to a new arena of the story (often involving a change of
• sometimes be a moment of decision and commitment for the
The first act turning point is also the last chance to bring two main
characters or subplots together.
The Midpoint is a key story point strategically placed a the halfway point
of the movie. It typically involves a reversal in the circumstances of the
protagonist. For example, in a romance, Brad and Estelle kiss as the act 1
tp; the relationship builds in the first half of act 2 at which point, unless
something happens to change everything, the movie is over, or at least
dead in the water. Thus the Midpoint turns Brad’s situation on its head.
This can be done any number of ways: Brad’s lovechild is revealed;
Estelle is engaged to be married and reveals that she didn’t intend to get
involved, which means goodbye (for now); Estelle is really an alien and
has to return to her home planet. What the Midpoint means is that the
protagonist will now have to battle against a new and more difficult set of
problems in pursuit of his/her goal as we accelerate towards the end of Act
The end of Act 2 should be the darkest moment for our hero or heroine.
All looks lost. They are now facing the ultimate test.
The Act 2 Turning Point is the story event that propells the protagonist
into that final showdown in Act 3. It fulfills the same function as the Act 1
tp, but with a heightened level of conflict. The Act 2 tp should
• be an action point, imparting momentum to the story
• turn the action around yet again – in effect, a story twist
• raise the stakes
• raise the central question again
• bring us in to a new arena of the story (the scene for the final
• be a moment of decision and commitment for the protagonist
The Calm Before The Storm is a short period after the Act 2 tp. The final
conflict is now inevitable. We know this. The CBS is a false calm. It builds
tension and allows the audience to refocus on what is at stake just before
all hell breaks loose – often this is love or friendship.
The Third Act Crisis is the final showdown, where the protagonist and
antagonist face off. Now the hero or heroine must face their deepest fears
this can be death, ruin, losing the one they love. It will take all their
strength and resourcefulness to prevail.
At the end of the Crisis the protagonist will have either won or lost, and the
Question asked at the Inciting Incident will have been answered.
The Resolution ties off the the story. What happens after that final
showdown? Will the Brad and Estelle live happily ever after? American
movies are fond of neat, positive resolutions. European films are more
comfortable with ambiguity.
In a correctly formatted screenplay, one page equals one minute of
screentime. In a discussion about a movie, therefore, “minutes” and “pages”
are interchangeable terms.
The setup the first 8 to 15 minutes
The inciting incident occurs at the end of the setup, at around 8-15
First act turning point between 25 and 35 minutes
Midpoint between 45 and 55 minutes – halfway, in other
Second act turning point between 75 and 85 minutes
Calm before the storm generally around 5 minutes after the second act tp
Third act crisis within 5 minutes of the second act TP
Climax within 10 minutes of the third act crisis
Resolution after the climax, should be no longer than 5 minutes
NOTE: 1 minute = 1 page
For a 90-95 minute film:
 Act 1: 25-33 minutes
 Act 2: around 45-50 minutes
 Act 3: around 20 minutes
In a 10 minute short film, this would translate as:
Setup first 60 to 90 seconds (1-1.5 pages)
Inciting incident at around 1 minute (end page 1, early page 2)
First act tp around 3 minutes (page 3)
Midpoint 5 minutes (page 5)
Second act tp between 7 and 8 minutes (pages 7-8)
Third act crisi s begins around half a page after the tp
Climax 9.5 minutes
Resolution last 10-20 seconds
These durations are only a guide. For example, some films open with the
inciting incident; some – particularly short films – end with the climax, making
the climax and resolution one and the same.
For a 10 minute short, the act durations should be around:
 Act 1: 3 minutes/pages
 Act 2: 5 minutes/pages
 Act 3: 2 minutes/pages
All movies ask a question at the beginning – the inciting incident – which is
then answered at the climax.
In American Beauty the film asks Will Lester Burnham succeed in
rediscovering his lost youth? The answer is Yes, but not in the way we
In District 9, the film asks Will Vickers fulfil his mission of moving on the “the
Prawns”? Again the answer is yes, but not in the way we expect it.
In Avatar, the film asks will Jake Sulley fulfil his mission and regain his life
(that is, his legs). As with the previous two films, the answer is yes, but not in
way that we expect at the beginning of the film.
This is the trick of a good ending – to give the audience the ending they want
but not in the way they expect.
Nothing is more disappointing than an ending we see coming. Memorable
endings need a surprise in their somewhere – seeded in the story, so that our
reaction is “Of course!”
The major weakness in Avatar is the predictability of the ending. It
desperately needed more – something unexpected, a twist we didn’t see
Generally, we use the word “resolution”, not “ending”.
Why? Because the end of the story is just that – resolution of all the story
questions the film has posed.


Born in Moscow in 1863, Konstantin Sergeyvich Stanislavsky had a more profound effect on the process of acting than did anyone else in the Twentieth Century. At age 14, Stanislavsky’s group organized by his family, and soon became its central figure. Throughout the late 1800s he improved as an actor and began to produce and direct plays. He asserted that the theatre could not be meaningful unless it moved beyond the external representation that acting had primarily been. Over forty years he created an approach that brought to the forefront the psychological and emotional aspects of acting. The Stanislavski System held that an actor’s main responsibility was to be believable as well as understood. Merely being recognized and heard was insufficient.
To reach this “believable truth,” after years of research with actors of the Moscow Art Theatre, Stanislavski began employing new and original methods, such as “emotional memory.” He felt at that time that to work on a particular emotion in a role that involved fear, the actor might remember something that frightened him from his own life.
Stanislavski believed that an actor needed to take his or her own personality onto the stage when he or she began to play a character. This innovation was a clear break from previous modes of acting that held that the actor’s job was to become the character and leave his or her own emotions behind. Later, Stanislavski concerned himself with the creation of physical states, believing that the repetition of certain acts and exercises could bridge the gap between life on and off the stage.
In his travels throughout the world with the Moscow Art Theatre, Stanislavski earned international acclaim as an actor, director, and coach. Among his collaborators were the writers Tolstoi and Anton Chekhov. While Stanislavski’s new method of acting supported actors in breaking from the exact lines and actions of the script, it also demanded that they pay closer attention to the important unsaid messages within the writing. This prompted writers such as Chekhov to create subtle works that were more emotionally alive.
* Today in the United States, Stanislavski’s theories are the primary source of study for many actors. Among the many great actors and teachers to use his work were Stella Adler, Marlon Brando, Harold Clurman, Sanford Meisner, Bobby Lewis, Uta Hagen, Marian Seldes, Wynn Handman, and Lee Strasberg. Many of these artists, including many of the celebrated graduates of the Stella Adler Studio, continue to demonstrate the potency of Stanislavski’s powerful ideas.

Stella Adler (February 10, 1901[1] – December 21, 1992) was an American actress and an acclaimed acting teacher,[2] who founded the Stella Adler Studio of Acting in New York City (1949) and the The Stella Adler Academy of Acting in Los Angeles (1985) with long-time protégé Joanne Linville, who continues to teach and furthers Adler’s legacy.[3][4] Her grandson Tom Oppenheim now runs the school in New York,[2] which produced alumni including Marlon Brando, Robert De Niro, and Jenny Lumet,[5] daughter of Sidney Lumet.[6] Irene Gilbert, long-time protégé and close personal friend, founded the Stella Adler Academy of Acting and Theatre in Los Angeles, and was instrumental in bringing Stella Adler to the West Coast to teach on a permanent basis.[7] The Los Angeles school continues to flourish as an acting studio and houses several theaters, alumni of the Stella Adler-Los Angeles school include Mark Ruffalo, Benicio Del Toro, Brion James, Salma Hayek, Clifton Collins Jr., and Sean Astin.

Early life

Born in New York City’s Lower East Side,[8] Adler was a member of the Jewish-American Adler acting dynasty that had its start in the Yiddish Theater District, the youngest daughter of Sara and Jacob P. Adler,[2] the sister of Luther and Jay Adler, and half-sister of Charles Adler; in fact all her five siblings were actors. They were a significant part of a vital ethnic theatrical scene that thrived in New York from the late 19th century well into the 1950s. Stella Adler would become the most famous and influential member of her family. She began acting at the age of four as a part of the “Independent Yiddish Art Company” of her parents, and concluded it 55 years later, in 1961. During that time, and for years after, Stella Adler taught acting as well.[9]




She began her acting career at the age of four in the play Broken Hearts at the Grand Street Theatre on the Lower East Side, as a part of her parents’ Independent Yiddish Art Company.[3][9] She grew up acting alongside her parents, often playing roles of boys and girls. Her work schedule allowed little time for schooling, but when possible, she studied at public schools and New York University. She made her London debut, at the age of 18, as Naomi in the play Elisa Ben Avia with her father’s company, in which she appeared for a year before returning to New York. In London she met her first husband, Englishman Horace Eliashcheff; their brief marriage however ended in a divorce.


She made her English-language debut on Broadway in 1922, as the Butterfly in the play The World We Live In, and also spent a season in the vaudeville circuit. In 1922–1923, the renowned Russian actor-director Konstantin Stanislavski made his only US tour with his Moscow Art Theatre. Adler and many others saw these performances; this had a powerful and lasting impact on her career, as well as the 20th-century American theatre.[8] She joined the American Laboratory Theatre in 1925; there she was introduced to Stanislavski’s theories, from founders and Russian actor-teachers and former members of the Moscow Art TheaterRichard Boleslavsky and Maria Ouspenskaya. In 1931 she joined the Group Theatre, New York, founded by Harold Clurman, Lee Strasberg and Cheryl Crawford, through theater director and critic, Clurman, whom she later married in 1943. With Group theatre she worked in plays like Success Story by John Howard Lawson, two Clifford Odets plays, Awake and Sing! and Paradise Lost, and directed the touring company of Odets’s Golden Boy and More to Give to People. Members of Group Theatre were leading interpreters of the Method acting technique based on the work and writings of Stanislavski.


In 1934, Adler went to Paris with Harold Clurman and studied intensively with Stanislavski for five weeks. During this period, she learned that Stanislavski had revised his theories, emphasizing that the actor should create by imagination rather than memory. Upon her return, she broke away from Strasberg on the fundamental aspects of Method acting.[10]


In January 1937, Adler moved to Hollywood. There she acted in films for six years under the name Stella Ardler, occasionally returning to the Group Theater until it dissolved in 1941. Eventually she returned to New York to act, direct and teach, the latter first at Erwin Piscator‘s Dramatic Workshop at the New School for Social Research, New York City,[11] before founding Stella Adler Studio of Acting in 1949. In the coming years, she taught Marlon Brando, Judy Garland, Elizabeth Taylor, Dolores del Río, Robert De Niro, Elaine Stritch, Martin Sheen, Manu Tupou, Harvey Keitel, Melanie Griffith, Peter Bogdanovich and Warren Beatty, among others, the principles of characterization and script analysis. She also taught at the New School,[12] and the Yale School of Drama. For many years, Adler led the undergraduate drama department at New York University,[3][13] and became one of America’s leading acting teachers.[10]

Stella Adler was much more than a teacher of acting. Through her work she imparts the most valuable kind of information—how to discover the nature of our own emotional mechanics and therefore those of others. She never lent herself to vulgar exploitations, as some other well-known so-called “methods” of acting have done. As a result, her contributions to the theatrical culture have remained largely unknown, unrecognized, and unappreciated.[14]

—Marlon Brando
Adler was Marlon Brando’s first professional acting teacher.In 1988, she published ‘The Technique of Acting’ (Bantam Books), with a foreword by Brando.[12]From 1926 until 1952, Adler appeared regularly on Broadway. Her later stage roles include the 1946 revival of ‘He Who Gets Slapped’ and an eccentric mother in the 1961 black comedy, ‘Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mama’s Hung You in the Closet and I’m Feelin’ So Sad.’ Among the plays she directed was a 1956 revival of the Paul Green-Kurt Weill antiwar musical ‘Johnny Johnson’.[15] Acting Now: Conversations on Craft and Career, by Edward Vilga.[16] She appeared in only three films, Love on Toast (1937), Shadow of the Thin Man (1941), and My Girl Tisa (1948).



Sanford Meisner

* “Take it from a director: if you get an actor that Sandy Meisner has trained, you’ve been blessed.” – Elia Kazan
* A leading acting teacher who trained some of the most famous performers of the stage and screen, Sanford Meisner was a founding member of the Group Theatre. The Group Theatre, a cooperative theater ensemble, became a leading force in the theater world of the 30s. Meisner performed in many of the group’s most memorable productions, including The House of Connelly, Men in White, Awake and Sing, Paradise Lost and Golden Boy. While still a member of the group, Meisner became the head of the acting department of New York’s Neighborhood Playhouse School of Theater. After the Group Theatre dissolved in 1941 Meisner devoted himself to teaching, appearing only occasionally on Broadway and in films (most notably, in Clifford Odets’ 1959 The Story on Page One).
* Over the course of forty-eight years at the Neighborhood Playhouse, Meisner honed his skills as an acting instructor. Growing out of the days with the Group Theatre and the Russian theater theorist Constantin Stanislavsky, Meisner created a series of exercises for actors. For Meisner, acting was about reproducing honest emotional human reactions. He felt the actor’s job was simply to prepare for an experiment that would take place on stage. The best acting, he believed, was made up of spontaneous responses to the actor’s immediate surroundings. Meisner explained that his approach was designed “to eliminate all intellectuality from the actor’s instrument and to make him a spontaneous responder to where he is, what is happening to him, what is being done to him.”
* The primary tool Meisner employed in preparing his students was spontaneous repetition. Among his many exercises was one in which two actors looked directly at each other and one would described a feature of the other. After this, the two actors would simply say the phrase back and forth. Because the phrases (such as, “You have soft eyes”) came from a physical reality apparent to the actors, the statement retained meaning no matter how often they were repeated. Another example of Meisner’s method has two actors enter a room playing specific roles without specific lines. They begin to speak and the plot is formed out of nothing but the surroundings. The actor’s concern is to remain in character. Techniques such as these allow actors to move beyond the printed script and address the underlying emotional or philosophical themes of a play.
* Meisner’s role within the theater community remained important throughout his long career. Among his more famous students were actors Robert Duvall, Grace Kelly, Diane Keaton, Joanne Woodward, Lee Grant, and Peter Falk. Gregory Peck said of Meisner, “What he wanted from you was truthful acting…He was able to communicate, and the proof of that is the number of people that have come out of [the Neighborhood Playhouse] over a forty-year period who’ve gone on to become people who set standards of acting.” Though troubled with a number of physical problems, including losing his larynx, Meisner continued to be an active part of the theater community for his entire life. During his final years, he split his time between the Caribbean island Bequia and New York.

Larry Moss®‘ Biography

Moss began his career at New York’s famed cabaret Upstairs at the Downstairs and went on to appear on Broadway in numerous productions including Joe Layton’s Drat! The Cat!, Neil Simon’s God’s Favorite, directed by Michael Bennett, Burt Shevelove’s So Long 174th Street, Gerald Freedman’s The Robber  Bridegroom, and Gene Saks’ I Love My Wife.

After teaching in New York at Juilliard and Circle in the Square, he moved to Los Angeles and founded The Larry Moss® Studio. It was here that he directed and developed Pamela Gien’s The Syringa Tree, which had its world premiere at ACT in Seattle.  The Syringa Tree opened in New York in September 2000 and won the Obie Award for Best Play of 2001, the Drama Desk Award, the Outer Circle Critics Award for Outstanding Solo Performance, a Drama League Honor and a nomination for the John Gassner Playwriting Award. The Syringa Tree has played to sold out houses and critical acclaim around the world, including London (The National Theater), Toronto (Can Stage), where it won the Dora Award for Best Actress and Best Play of 2005. Moss directed the TV version that was filmed by Trio Arts Network and most recently, Pamela and Larry, and their producer Matt Salinger, took The Syringa Tree on a profound journey of the heart, home, to South Africa to the Baxter Theater.

Moss developed and directed Bo Eason’s Runt Of The Litter at Manhattan Class Company in January 2002 and when it re-opened in November 2007 at 37 Arts Theatre.  It was voted one of the top ten plays of the year and was bought by Castle Rock to be made into a major motion picture.  Runt is currently on a National Tour which began in Seattle at ACT.

Moss has directed Michael Raynor’s Who is Floyd Stearn; Richard Kalinoski’s Beast On The Moon; Jack Holmes’s RFK (Drama League Award); April Daisy White‘s Sugar; Richard Vetere’s How To Go Out On A Date In Queens; Richard Hellersen’s Dos Corazones both as a play and film; and the World Premiere of Jam, a new musical, starring Clint Holmes at The Judy Bayley Theater.  He did a workshop of John Osborne’s Epitaph For George Dillon in New York for the first time in fifty years in June 2008. He directed Josh Jonas’s Capture Now off-Broadway, I Love My Wife starring Jason Alexander at Reprise and John Patrick Shanley’s Beggars In The House Of Plenty in Los Angeles and recently directed Remembering Bobby Short starring Clint Holmes at the Café Carlyle and in April will direct What Is This Thing Called Love also starring Clint Holmes at the Café Carlyle and the concert When Everything Was Possible at City Center in New York.  He will be directing Relative Insanity and Chiseled, two new films which will shoot 2012 and 2013.

Moss coached Helen Hunt in As Good As It Gets (Academy Award); Hilary Swank in Boys Don’t Cry and Million Dollar Baby (Academy Awards); Michael Clarke Duncan in The Green Mile (Academy Award Nomination), Hank Azaria in Tuesdays With Morrie (Emmy Award), Jim Carrey in The Majestic, Tobey Maguire in Seabiscuit and Leonardo DiCaprio in The Aviator (Golden Globe Award and Academy Award Nomination); The Departed (Golden Globe Nomination); Blood Diamond (Golden Globe and Academy Award Nomination) and Shutter Island, Inception and J Edgar (SAG and Golden Globe Award Nominations) and Sutton Foster Anything Goes (Tony Award).

Moss’s teaching career includes US, Canada, Europe and Australia.  He was one of the master teachers on Triple Sensation, on CBC in Canada.  His book on acting, The Intent To Live, was released by Bantam Dell in 2004.  Larry is a member of the Stage Directors and Choreographers Society (SDC).

David Mamet

– ATLANTIC ACTING SCHOOL – Inspired by the Group Theater, Stanislavsky, and a passion for ensemble acting, David Mamet and William H. Macy formed the Atlantic Theater Company in 1985 with a select group of undergraduate drama students. This original group of students formed the Atlantic Acting School, a part of NYU’s Tisch School of Drama since 1985. Atlantic has the only conservatory program in the world offering an in-depth training in the influential Practical Aesthetics Technique. This simple, honest, and straightforward approach demystifies the process of acting and gives students a clear set of analytical and physical tools. Committed to preparing its students for all aspects of a career in theater, film, and television Atlantic pairs its technique training with comprehensive instruction in the fundamental physical tools required by the craft; Voice, Speech, and Movement. Students are guided with care through the process of learning Practical Aesthetics while training in one of the most rigorous courses of actor training in New York City.

Eric Morris

Having published over five books in his theory, Morris claims that his method is derived partly from Lee Strasberg’s Method Acting. However, Strasberg’s Method focuses too much on craft, according to Morris, and not enough on the actor’s instrument. Facing struggle in finding truth, he contemplated his theory while heading the Directors Unit at the Actor’s Studio in Los Angeles. Morris’ method recognizes the fact that actors have emotional blocks, tension, insecurities and other preventions to achieving a fundamental state of being, and works to clear these blocks, rendering the actor truly organic. In this sense, Morris stresses that acting is essentially living and being. There are seven major obligations to material, according to Eric: 1) Time and Place, 2) Relationship, 3) Emotional Obligation, 4) Character Obligation, 5) Historic Obligation, 6) Thematic Obligation, 7) Directorial Obligation. After recognizing these 7 obligations, there are the choices the actor utilizes to render these emotions, and finally the approach to which the actors use these choices.

The Eric Morris System has received praise from such actors as Jack Nicholson and Johnny Depp.

Method acting

Is a phrase that loosely refers to a family of techniques by which actors try to create in themselves the thoughts and emotions of their characters in an effort to develop lifelike performances. It can be contrasted with more classical forms of acting, in which actors simulate the thoughts and emotions of their characters through external means, such as vocal intonation or facial expression. Though not all Method actors use the same approach, the “method” in Method acting usually refers to the practice, advocated by Lee Strasberg, by which actors draw upon their own emotions and memories in their portrayals, aided by a set of exercises and practices including sense memory and affective memory.

Method actors are often characterized as immersing themselves in their characters to the extent that they continue to portray them even offstage or off-camera for the duration of a project. However, this is a popular misconception. While some actors have employed this approach, it is generally not taught as part of the Method.

Method acting has been described as “revolutionizing American theater.” While classical acting instruction “had focused on developing external talents,” the Method was “the first systematized training that also developed internal abilities (sensory, psychological, emotional).”[1]

Method acting continues to evolve, with many contemporary acting teachers, schools, and colleges teaching an integrated approach that draws from several different schools of thought about acting.

The Chubbuck Technique

Ivana Chubbuck is an acting coach and author and is the founder and director of the Ivana Chubbuck Studio. Her students include Brad Pitt, Charlize Theron, Halle Berry,Terence Howard, Jake Gyllenhaal, Elizabeth Shue, Catherine Keener, Djimon Honsou, America Ferrera, Eva Mendes, James Franco and Kate Bosworth.

Her book is entitled: The Power of the Actor: The Chubbuck Technique. The book is described as: “The 12-Step Acting technique That Will Take You From Script to a Living, Breathing, Dynamic Character”.

The Power of the Actor has been adopted for use as a textbook in many colleges and universities across the country, as well as being translated into a number of languages around the world.





·       Stanislavski describes given circumstances as “The plot, the facts, the incidents, the period, the time and place of the action, the way of life. […] The Given Circumstances, just like “if”, are supostions, “products of the imagination.”

































Attendees – Director, Writer, Producer,

Presented – Script, Work flow Doc, One-Line Schedule from breakdown
Hard Copies circulated, if any changes made, revised versions emailed
–    Discuss script, director’s vision, production methodology incl key concerns & strategies
–    Discuss locations to begin scouting
–    Discuss casting to begin process (any children or animals etc)
–    Diarise future meetings incl script deadlines, loc survey, casting, auditions, rehearsals, SAFETY, etc
–    Decide on deal terms for cast & crew (eg hours, travel, pay, rights etc)
–    Confirm post path (to schedule & book)

==> LOCATION SURVEY – photos required
==> CASTING – shoot video, casting meeting with Producer to finalise

Attendees – Director, Writer, Producer (+ Production Manager, 1st AD, Art Dept)
Presented – Revised Script, Revised One-Line Schedule, Celtx Props List
Hard Copies circulated, updated during meeting if needed
–    Finalise locations (view photos etc, to issue & sign location agreements)
–    Finalise casting (view DVD, to issue & sign cast contracts). Cast extras.
–    Confirm to begin rehearsal schedule
–    Schedule any make up & wardrobe tests
–    Confirm and allocate all props/costume/art dept requirements
–    Review post production schedule & any particular sound needs. Post flow chart.
–    Consider publicity – any on set, marketing schedule re festival list etc

==> Assessment re if safety precautions/report necessary

Attendees – Director, 1st AD, DOP, Art Dept, Continuity, Sound
Shooting Schedule circulated and taken on recce

Attendees – Director, Writer, Producer, All Crew, Teacher  Presented – Final Amended Script, Full Shooting Schedule, Shoot Paperwork
Hard Copies circulated, any script amendments from now colour coded
–    Confirm all equipment & camera tests
–    If Safety Report needed, circulated to all.
–    If shot list, option to give copy to 1st AD/Producer
–    Distribute blanks of shoot paperwork eg 1st Report, continuity, camera sheets, sound
–    Confirm all art dept requirements covered – costumes, props etc
–    To then issue call sheets with maps, advise all re call times/pickups, poss Teacher drop-ins

==> TONE MEETING  – Director & Producer to discuss any last concerns re script/realisation

All shoots to be based on 10 hour days with 45 min to 1 hour for lunch and travel times for location moves in schedule. Times to must be strictly adhered to – nobody to be late.


==> SOUND SPOTTING SESSION – Sound Designer, Editor, Director. SOUND MIX.

POST DEBRIEF – on Delivery
analysis of production prep, process, roles, challenges, etc
Present Marketing Plan & Strategy

The Actor

* Being an Actor is a craft You must learn technique and theory and practice a lot.
* I believe theatre should be a part of your training

* Long and short courses by recognised teachers and industry people are good, as are drop-in classes.
* • Meditation
• Alexander technique
• Yoga/Pillates
• Exercise
• Movement
• Keep fit
• Keep healthy
* • Get speech tuition
* • Use your own video camera and do scenes

* Being a professional actor is a business. Be proactive. Create a
plan of attack of what you want to do:
* Source from the internet, newspapers and industry magazines the different projects in planning or in production. Create a plan and then discuss with your agent.

* • Extras / background artists
• 50 worders Speaks 50 words or less –
• Daily roles
• Main cast, guest and semi-regular roles
• Commercials
• Theatre / Musical Theatre
• Corporate
• Television
• Telemovies
• Feature Films
• Short Films
• Presenter / Reporter
• Voice Overs
• Radio


* A) Preparing your CV / Resume
* Essential information required on a resume includes your Film / TV / Theatre experience and training, an overview of skills (eg. driving, horseriding etc), and a photo 10 x 8 (A4 size).
* B) Show Reels
* Most agents and casting consultants like showreels to be on DVD format. Showreels should be short and sweet but still showing acting range. Three scenes of about 1 minute each is usually enough with the scenes showing a range of characters. Do not use theatre pieces on your show reel (unless they are for theatre) as they usually don’t transfer well on to film’


There is a growing trend for Actors to have their own websites / blogs as a marketing tool,complete with CV’s, photos and video.

This is a good thing as the website can be accessed anywhere in the world at anytime by casting agents, directors etc

* Go See
A Go see is when a casting agent will meet and greet new talent). Some agents do Go sees on a regular basis, and some as often as weekly.
* It would be good to take a hard copy of your resume, photo and link to reel, if you have booked for a Go see.

* Australia

* AT2
* “AT2 is an Australian owned and operated company, founded over 8 years ago as Artist Technologies. AT2 quickly established itself as a must-have workflow tool for casting professionals and agents and as an indispensable site for artists…
The AT2 online system currently connects over 18 000 artists, represented and freelance, and more than 400 agencies with the vast majority of casting directors…
If you are an unrepresented artist we provide you with an essential showcase for your talent.”
* “eCaster assists Casting Professionals in streamlining the total casting and management process…
Artists maximise their exposure with the provision of a comprehensive on-line portfolio…
eCaster completely automates the entire casting process from breakdowns right through to job bookings in a secure and easy to use system.”
* Showcast have been profiling actors to casting directors and other industry professionals since 1960. The Showcast printed directories and website are in constant use in film, television and theatrical offices in Australia, New Zealand and worldwide.
* You can use Showcast to print and email comprehensive and up-to-date biographies.



Now and soon always the first audition you do will be a self audition, that is your audition is filmed at home and then uploaded to the internet , YouTube, Vimeo, Drop box, etc


Bring something of yourself into a character

Take risks, be unique

* Work on scenes and learn how the structure, language and subtext can serve you to tell a story and develop character.


* Open your communication, release any blocks, connect to your instincts and discover what happens naturally in life can happen equally as naturally on film. This is the foundation to acting.
* Experience the connections between actor and actor – the give and take, and the authentic release of the self. Realise how circumstances dictate and influence action, and how we direct a scene’s journey by the choices we make. Find your sense of liberty and play as you gain confidence, clarity and open up to the adventure of acting.
* Explore the dynamic of the arena – how big, how deep and how wide are the thoughts, emotions and the ideas of the characters. Get specific with the story, detail the drama, and release into the action with your power and passion.
* Explore practical techniques and processes that will release your power and emotion. Unlock your passion and develop the clarity of your craft.
* Practice a variety of approaches to creating characters and telling stories.


know script
whats the scene about
• Dress for the role / makeup
• Props
• Big print • Learn and read other role

Its alright to be nervous


You or your agent can ring the casting agent and request to read the whole script. Sometimes the script won’t be available for confidentiality reasons. Normally you will be given 1 or 2 scenes 2 or 3 days before the audition and when auditioning, you will generally have a reader playing opposite you.
Don’t feel afraid to ask to stand up or sit in the audition room, however, usually you can’t move around too much.
Body language is important.
Callback is the next stage in your audition procedure and you will be contacted if you are required to attend. You will sometimes be required to read a scene with the main actor.

* Learn relaxation techniques. Even experienced actors are sometimes anxious prior to a performance and get what is commonly referred to as stage fright.
* There are, however, ways of minimizing the stress factors and going in front of an audience, relaxed and confident in the task at hand.
Don’t over learn the script. Know the character. Know the point of the scene. Know the turning points in the scene. Know what the scene is about. Know where you have come from and where you are going.


Get voice training  – this is essential

Do vocal warmups

* Speak clearly, confidently and courageously. Giving a great speech or performance isn’t just a matter of taking a deep breath and hoping for the best. It’s a real skill and the good news is everyone can learn how to do it.
* There are very real changes that occur in our minds and bodies when we are engaged in public speaking or performance. – And there is a range of exercises and techniques that will enable even the most cautious to present with clarity and conviction.
Learn how to relax the many parts of the body that are required to ensure a smooth and measured delivery; how best to create a presence; how to employ the power of breath; how to speak with expression and how to rid your body of unwanted tension.


* The connection between vocal skill acquisition and the interpretation and development of dramatic texts within traditional theatre forms.
* The relationship between voice and text with a particular emphasis on heightened text.


* We live in an increasingly global world. Now, more than ever, accents are vital to the contemporary working actor. In particular, Standard American is becoming an essential tool for the actor in Australia with more and more production coming from the US, i.e. Queensland and that work is requiring a high level of proficiency in US accent.
* Learn a selection of the most in-demand accents. Be prepared for any audition or play with a detailed and secure method of learning and delivering accents within a dramatic context for theatre, TV or film.




·       Questions



·       The term given circumstances is applied to the total set of environmental and situational conditions, which influence the actions that a character in a drama undertakes.

·       Given circumstances include conditions of the character’s world (e.g. specifics of time and place: elements from the history of the character’s environment and elements from the character’s personal situation

·       Stanislavski describes given circumstances as “The plot, the facts, the incidents, the period, the time and place of the action, the way of life. […] The Given Circumstances, just like “if”, are supostions, “products of the imagination.”



·       (ii) What is their relationship?

·       How do you feel about the other characters- do you love/hate them

·       Do you want to get in their way?

·       Do they want to get in your way?

·       What do you want from them?

·       What do you want them to give you?


·       (iii) Where are we?


·       What are your surroundings like? Do you have a mental picture of everything around you? Is it similar to anything you have experienced? Try to make a connection from your own life or from observations you’ve made. The richer the detail the more it will help you to visualize where you are


·       (iv) Why are we here?


·       What reason are we in this environment/location?


·       2. SCENE ACTION


·       What the scene is about, what is happening within the scene?

Scene Goal: What does the POV character want in this scene?

Statement of Goal: Does the reader know what your character wants to accomplish in this scene?

Complication: What or who gets in the way of what the character wants?

Does the character fail? (If so, close the scene. The next time readers see this character; she will be reacting to her failure.)

Does the character achieve the goal? (To best create tension and drama, allow her to succeed only if succeeding creates some further complication or disaster as a result, and then close the scene.)




·       What your character wants over the course of an entire scene, which supports the character’s OVERALL OBJECTIVE


·       4. OBSTACLES

·       Determining the physical, emotional and mental hurdles that make it difficult for your character to achieve his or her OBJECTIVE




·       5. STORY UNITS?


·       The different ideas, topics within the scene



·       6. UNIT ACTION?


·       What is happening within that unit, similar to SCENE ACTION?


·       7. UNIT OBJECTIVE?


·       Similar to a SCENE OBJECTIVE, a mini objective for that topic.




·       The attached ACTION VERB list is excellent to use to express INTERNAL ACTIONS






·       The dialogue that’s going on inside your head that you don’t speak out loud. Those thoughts that are vulgar, inappropriate, self-indulgent, self-deprecating, paranoid and generally not politically correct. Those thoughts you can’t speak out loud because there would be some form of repercussions



  • What is this story about? What is this character chasing? Is the audience behind him, in knowledge, or at the same level, or in front of him?
  • Everything is valid
  • Impulse

Who am I? Sift the text for every detail about your character – not just the obvious (age, profession, background etc.) but look for everything you can about his/her personality. How would you sum up this person in a sentence? Social self, personal inventory, Internal Conflicts!

* Where am I? What are your surroundings like? Do you have a mental picture of everything around you? Is it similar to anything you have experienced? Try to make a connection from your own life or from observations you’ve made. The richer the detail the more it will help you to visualize where you are.

* What has happened just before the scene starts? What are the events that have led to this scene? What was said the second before the scene commences?

* What is my emotional state at the beginning of the scene? Have you experienced/witnessed anything similar? How would you feel if you were that character in that situation? How high are the stakes for me? What will happen to me if I don’t get what I want in this scene?

* What do I want most in my life? Your character’s super-objective. What is the driving need in your character’s life as explored in the script?

* What do I want most at the beginning of the scene? Your objective. What do you want out of that other person? What do want to make them do? Answer this with – “I want to…(make them understand my point of view, convince them not to go away, stop them attacking me, fall in love with me, forgive me etc.). Does your objective change within the scene?

* What expectations do I have at the beginning of the scene? Are you optimistic or pessimistic about getting what you want? How do you expect the other characters to react to you? As the scene unfolds what surprises you?

* What obstacles are in your way? What is stopping me get what I want in the scene? Can be an inner obstacle (e.g. I want to ask her out but I’m too shy) or an outer obstacle (e.g. I want to convince him to give me the job but he doesn’t think I’m up to it).

* What tactics do I use to get over the obstacles? Usually governed by the text, but you can say a line in many ways with many different tactics. The boss might present you with an obstacle and say: “I want to give you the job but I don’t think you’re up to it” and you say “ All right. Thank you for seeing me” with different tactics to make him reconsider. E.g. 1) You say your line to get his sympathy so he’ll feel sorry for you 2) You say your line as a threat to scare him into reconsidering 3) As a come-on to make him fancy you and you can get your job back that way!

* Do I know my subtext and inner monologue? Can I write down or speak out loud my thoughts at every moment of the scene? Do I mean what I say or do I lie to cover up my true thoughts? Things you want to tell, things you are feeling

* Do I know where the beat changes are in the scene? Identify any change of your objective, tactics, action or rhythm. Avoid getting stuck on the one emotional note. Often “pause” written in a scene will imply something is going on under the surface, hence a likely change of beat.

* Can I connect with my character’s emotional state? Have I experienced/witnessed something similar? Have I connected with that emotion inside or outside the rehearsal room in a full and honest way, both with and without the words?

* What do I look like? What do I wear?

* And some other questions…

* Am I listening to the other characters?

* What is my attitude to each of the other characters?

* If someone took my lines away, could I improvise the scene in my own words?

* Am I committing to the scene with full mental and physical energy?

* Other Notes

* What is my relationship to the other characters?

What am I about to do?

How do you feel about the other characters- do you love/hate them

Do you want to get in their way?

Do they want to get in your way?

What do you want from them?

What do you want them to give you?

* What are you fighting for- goal motivation- the more conflict you find the more interesting the performance

* Before every scene starts ask yourself what has happened before? (Creating the moment before is like priming the motor to get it started)

* Remember opposites- whatever you decide is your motivation I your scene, the opposite of that is also true and could be in it.

* Every scene is filled with discoveries, things that happen for the first time. Take nothing for granted- make and emotional discovery as often as you can.

* Remember to ask yourself- am I sending out and getting back feelings or am I just talking?

* There are two points of view that every actor should bring to every scene:

1. I am right and you are wrong

2. You should change from being the way you are to the way I think you should be.

* Choose in the script what moments are important to your character and remember to play these moments- they are important!

* Ask what game is my character playing in this scene?

* When you have looked through and done the above then -add to it what you don’t know? Something hidden and unknown to us.

Actions  / Beats




Contact Director before with any problems


* Sort out problems here with script – intelligent suggestions and solutions – ring the Director if necessary.
* Know exact size of clothing / shoe/ hat (in both American and European sizes), height, weight etc
* • The paperwork – call sheets, schedules, tax forms etc.
• Script amendments – 1st blue paper, 2nd pink, 3rd yellow, 4th green
• Roles of each Crew, report to 2nd assistant director
• A typical day’s timetable.
• Make up/Wardrobe, Props.
• Terminology, Shot sizes, etc
• Stunts – action driving scenes / Fight scenes etc.
• Editing
• Be Organised
* • Story and script. Arc or journey.
* • What the director looks for from the actor.
• Camera Techniques
• Multicamera (2 or 3 cameras)
• Utilize the performance space to its potential.
• Connect powerfully to the material being presented.
• Sustain energy and life in your presentation.
• Don’t act
• Listen
• Reactions
• Body Language
• Moments
• Focus of scene
• Turning points of a scene
• Working with props
• Wardrobe and make-up
• Continuity
• Location Shoots
• Studio Shoots
• Green Screen? Blue Screen

* Australia

-Casting Website- 


Casting Network (AU)


Backstage (US)




-Casting Agencies-


Peta Einberg Casting ( Sydney )


Anousha Zarkesh Casting (Sydney)


Fountainhead Casting (Sydney)


Mullinars Casting Consultants (Sydney)


Faith Martin (Sydney)


–Casting workshop–


TAFTA (Casting workshop)



– Facebook group –

Auditions Australia


Brisbane Actors Community Group


Brisbane Actors Network


Gold Coast Screen Actors Network


Byron Bay Actors & Film makers meeting place








Maura Fay & Associates

Brisbane Casting




Warner Road Show Movie World Studios

Pacific Highway, Oxenford. QLD 4210(07) 5585 9621 

(07) 5585 9622

Tom McSweeney



Jane Trotter Casting

Brisbane Casting



19 McDougall Street,

Milton QLD 4064

‪‪ (07) 3367 0442     

(07) 3367 0897 Fax

0411 305 981

Jane Trotter


Rossi Casting Group

Brisbane Casting



15 Maud Street

Newstead QLD 4006

‪‪ (07) 3852 4165

(07) 3852 4915 Fax

Damien Anthony Rossi, Amber Tapping



Sue Manger Casting

Brisbane Casting



Flat 1, 76 Gloucester Street

South Brisbane QLD. 4101

(07) 3217 2333‪

(07) 3217 2333 Fax

Sue Manger




Gilchrist Casting

Lismore Casting



PO BOX 5131

East Lismore

NSW 2480

(02) 66227906‪

(02) 66220137 Fax



Tasmanian Casting Service

Tasmanian Casting



21 Derwentwatcr Avenue

Sandy Bay TAS 7005

(03) 6225 2517

(03) 6225 0710 Fax

Gwyneth Dixon



Cameron Harris Casting

Melbourne Casting



P0 Box 3052

Ripponlea VIC 3183

0417598045 Mob.

Cameron Harris



Barrett Casting

Sydney Casting



3rd Floor/Regent House

61-63 Great Buckingham Street


NSW 2016

(02)9699 1377‪

Nikki Barrett



Helen Salter Casting

Sydney Casting



Suite 1/61 Victoria Street, North Sydney NSW 2059

(02) 9922 7711‪

(02) 9922 7512 Fax

Helen Salter



Toni Higginbotham Casting

Sydney Casting



Upper Level

57 Queen Street

Woollahra NSW 2025

(02) 9328 6166‪

(02) 9328 9488 Fax

0411 186 773 Mob.

Toni Higginbotham



TV Pro CastingSydney Casting


79A Grandview Street,

Pymble. NSW 2073

(02) 9988 3355

(02) 9440 0711

0416 026 760‪ Mob.

Sharon Lynne





TV Pro Casting

Sydney Casting


79A Grandview Street,

Pymble. NSW 2073

(02) 9988 3355

(02) 9440 0711

0416 026 760‪  Mob.

Sharon Lynne


Sirius Casting

Sydney Casting




PO Box 673, Broadway NSW 2007

Suite 7, 114 Myrtle Street,

Chippendale NSW 2007

(02) 9310 7294

(02) 9690 4197

0414 508 757‪

Alexander Luppi


Lesley Burgess Casting Pty Ltd

Sydney Casting



Suite 38/Sydney Park Business Centre

20-28 Maddox Street

Alexandria NSW 1435

(02) 9565 2499

(02) 9565 1220 Fax

0407 228 594‪  Mob.

Lesley Burgess


Jenni Cohen Casting

WA CastingWA Casting



PO Box 146

Osborne Park WA 6917.

Phone: (08) 9242 4807

Fax: (08) 9242 5207

Mobile: 0412 224 253



Annie Murtagh-Monks & Associates




11 Nandina Avenue, Mount Claremont

Perth WA 6010

(08) 9384 4604

(08) 9385 6046 Fax

0414384460 fMob.

Annie Murtagh-Monks






Casting Agency

If you wish to organise a go see with this company, send hardcopy to the address below

with image in jpg max 500kb and resume in word or pdf and dvd show reel..

Post your information to:

Email your information to:

Resumes i4 Casting

FSA #44 Driver Ave

Moore Park, NSW, 1363




Sharon Lynne Television Promotions

Sydney Casting



79A Grandview Street, Pymble NSW 2073

(02)9988 3355‪

(02)94400711 Fax

0416 026 760‪  Mob.

Sharon Lynne Screen Australia Screen NSW Film Victoria Screen West Screen Queensland South Australian Film Corporation Online resource for actors Online resource for actors (Encore Magazine) ( (OzMedia-Match) (Arts Hub) (Film Hub) (Inside Film Magazine) (Film & Television Institute WA Inc)
* (NIIDA – Summer School) (AFRTS – Film School)


New Zealand Drama New Zealand
* New Zealand industry site
* USA Backstage Performing Arts Resource
* Scripts
* (Drew’s Script-o-rama)
* scripts

* • The Production Book / Encore directory – Lists agents, Producers, Directors etc.
• Story – Robert McKee – scriptwriting
• The Writer’s Journey
• The Artist Way
• On the Technique of Acting – Michael Chekhov
• An Actor Prepares – Constantin Stanislavski
• The Stanislavski System – Sonya Moore
• Lessons for the Professional Actor – Michael Chekhov
• On Acting – Sanford Meisner
• Respect For Acting – Uta Horgen • The Fervent Years – Harold Clurman

The Power of the Actor – Ivana Chubbuck

* Wide Shot
The wide shot is primarily used to establish location and is often referred to as an establishing shot. Since objects appear small in the frame, the wide shot can be used for de-emphasis and is ideal for conveying a character’s isolation. The following shot accomplishes both of these goals:
* Close Shot / Close Up
The close shot is the exact opposite of the wide shot in that the subject is very large in the frame. Consequently, it is used for emphasis. When the subject is an actor, anything closer than mid-chest is considered a close shot, or an extreme close-up where one part of the object is in shot. Here, the actor’s head dominates the composition.
* Medium Shot / Mid Shot
As the name indicates, the medium shot falls between the close shot and wide shot. When the subject is an actor, the upper body dominates the frame, usually the from the thighs up. Films are primarily constructed of medium shots, with wide shots and close shots used for orientation and emphasis, respectively.
Cutting Heights
There must be a clear understanding between director and cinematographer as to where frame lines cut off the actor’s body. These designations are called cutting heights:
* Angle
Angle is the horizontal and vertical position of the camera in relation to the subject. Through the use of angle, the director positions the subject within the frame. It has a great impact on how the audience perceives both the subject and the action.
Vertical Angle
The camera’s vertical angle can be used to affect the perceived dominance and speed of the subject. Low camera angles– looking up at the subject– tend to increases the subject’s dominance and speed. High camera angles– looking down at the subject– tend to decrease the subject’s dominance and speed.
* Perspective
Perspective has several meanings in moviemaking. In terms of directing, perspective is the psychological position of the camera as it records the action. There are three perspectives: objective, subjective, and point of view (POV).
Objective Shot
In an objective shot, the camera is placed in a neutral position and does not take the perspective of any character within the scene. It gives the audience the best, unbiased view of the action.
* Objective Shot
* Subjective Shot
A subjective shot is a view of the action through the eyes of a specific character. It is a specialized shot because the audience is put directly in the position of a character. The results can range from awkward to highly stylized, depending upon how well it is executed.

Roles in a Film crew

Pre-production and Filmmaking
Production design
Hair and make-up
Special effects
Sound and music
Production sound
Sound editing
Visual effects
Visual effects editor · Compositor · Animator


All I want is a proper cup of coffee

Made in a proper copper coffee pot

I may be off my dot

But I want a cup of coffee from a proper coffee pot

Tin coffee pots and iron coffee pots

They’re no good to me

If I can’t have a proper copper coffee pot

I’ll have a cup of tea.



The Bee




A Bee!


A Bee!!


Is after me!!!


And that is why


I flee!!!!


I flee!!!!!


This bee


This bee


Appears to be


Very very













Resonance Exercises




Exercise 1


mummy mummy mummy mummy mummy mummy mummy


ninny ninny ninny ninny ninny ninny ninny


money money money money money money money


memory memory memory memory memory memory memory


niminy niminy niminy niminy niminy niminy niminy


remember the money, remember the money, remember the money




Exercise 2


How sweet it were, hearing the downward stream,


With half shut eyes ever to seem,


Falling asleep in a half-dream!


To dream and dream, like yonder amber light,


Which will not leave the myrrh-bush on the height;…


To watch the crisping ripples on the beach,


And tender curving lines of creamy spray;


To lend our hearts and spirits wholly,


To the influence of mild-minded melancholy;


To muse and brood and live again in memory,


With those old faces of our infancy,


Heap´d over with a mound of grass,


Two handfuls of white dust, shit in an urn of brass!




Son of the Lotus-eaters – Lord Tennyson











Tongue Tip


Make tongue drop to the bottom each time.


LA                                LA                                LA                                LA


LALA                            LALA                            LALA                            LALA   


LALALA                                    LALALA                                    LALALA                                    LALALA




No breath should escape until release of the consonant


TAH                             TAH                             TAH                             TAH


TETE                            TETE                            TETE                            TETE


DAH                            DAH                            DAH                            DAH


DEDEDE                      DEDEDE                      DEDEDE                      DEDEDE




Soft palate lowered. Hold for a moment, feel position of tongue and the vibration on the tongue tip, also resonance in the nose.


NAH                            NAH                            NAH                            NAH


NENENE                      NENENE                      NENENE                      NENENE






Back of Tongue and Soft Palate


KAH                             KAH                             KAH                             KAH


GAH                            GAH                            GAH                            GAH


KEKEKE                        KEKEKE                        KEKEKE                        KEKEKE


GEGEGE                      GEGEGE                      GEGEGE                      GEGEGE








Press the whole of lips together, feel the pressure.


PAH                             PAH                             PAH                             PAH


PEPEPE                        PEPEPE                        PEPEPE                        PEPEPE


BAH                             BAH                             BAH                             BAH


BEBEBE                       BEBEBE                       BEBEBE                       BEBEBE




Nasal, soft palate lowered.


MEMEME                    MEMEME                    MEMEME                    MEMEME


MEMEMEME               NENENE                      MEMEME                    NENENE


MEME                         BEBE                           MEME                         BEBE








Fast falling feathers fill the sky

Fast falling feathers lift and fill the sky

Lovely lady leaping

Lipping light laughter

Lumbering laggedly loiterer lurch

Around the rough and rugged rock the ragged rascal ran

The ragged rascal ran around the rough and rugged rock

Hoom harm hame heem

Bah buh bay buh bee buh bay buh  (on any consonant)


(From the looking glass and what Alice found there, 1872)

‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:

All mimsy were the borogoves,

And the mome raths outgrabe.

“Beware the Jabberwock, my son!

The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!

Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun

“ The frumious Bandersnatch!”

He took his vorpal sword in hand:

Long time the manxome foe he sought—

So rested he by the Tumtum tree,

And stood awhile in thought.

And, as in uffish thought he stood,

The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,

Came whiffling through the tulgey wood,

And burbled as it came.

One, two! One, two! And through and through

The Vorpal blade went snicker-snack!

He left it dead, and with its head

He went galumphing back.

“And, hast thou slain the Jabberwock?”

Come to my arms, my beamish boy!

O Frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!’

He chortled in his joy.

‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;

All mimsy were the borogoves,

And the mome raths outgrabe.

ON THE NING NANG NONG (voice exercise)


On the Ning Nang Nong

Where the cows go Bong!

And the monkeys all say Boo!

There’s a Nong Nang Ning

Where the trees go Ping!

And the tea pots Jibber Jabber Joo.

On the Nong Ning Nang

All the mice go Clang!

And you just can’t catch ‘em when they do!

So it’s Ning Nang Nong!

Cows go Bong!

Nong Nang Ning!

Trees go Ping!

Nong Ning Nang!

Mice go Clang!

What a noisy place to belong,

Is the Ning Nang Ning Nang Nong!!



Why, how impolite of him. I asked him a civil question and he pretended not to hear me. That’s not at all nice.  (Calling after him)   I say, Mr. White Rabbit, where are you going? Hmmm. He won’t answer me. And I do so want to know what he is late for. I wonder if I might follow him. Why not? There’s no rule that I mayn’t go where I please I—I will follow him. Wait for me, Mr White Rabbit. I’m coming , too! (falling) How curious. I never realised that rabbit holes were so dark…….and so long……and so empty. I believe I have been falling for five minutes, and I still can’t see the bottom! Hmph! After such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of tumbling downstairs. How brave they’ll  all think me at home. Why, I wouldn’t say anything about it even if I fell off the top of the house! I wonder how many miles I’ve fallen by this time. I must be getting somewhere near the center of the earth. I wonder if I shall fall right through the earth! How funny that would be. Oh, I think I see the bottom. Yes, I’m sure I see the bottom. I shall hit the bottom, hit it very hard, and oh, how it will hurt!


Coke. You see, we drink it, It’s a, drink, you know, food. These are toys, these are little men. (Showing him star wars action figures) This is Greedo, and then this is Hammerhead, see this is Walrus Man, and this is Snaggletooth and this is Lando Calrissian See…….and look, they can even have wars. Look at this. (He play-acts with two characters who both shoot and kill each other, making appropriate noises) Look fish. Fish eat the fish food, and the shark (a toy) eats the fish, and nobody eats the shark. See, this is PEZ, candy. See you eat it. You put the candy in here and then when you lift up the head, the candy comes out and you can eat it. You want some? This is a peanut. You eat it, but you can’t eat this one, ‘cause this is fake. This is money. You see. You put the money in the peanut. You see? Car. (E.T. takes the car and child-like puts it in his mouth to eat it.) Hey, hey wait a second. No. You don’t eat ‘em. Are you hungry? I’m hungry. Stay. Stay. I’ll be right here. Okay? I’ll be right here.


The clock struck nine when I did send the Nurse.

In half an hour she promised to return.

Perchance she cannot meet him. That’s not so.

O, she is lame! Love’s heralds should be thoughts,

Which ten times faster glides than the sun’s beams,

Driving back shadows over louring hills.

Therefore do nimble-pinioned doves draw love,

And therefore hath the wind-swift Cupid wings.

Now is the sun upon the highmost hill

Of this day’s journey, and from nine till twelve

Is three long hours, yet she is not come.

Had she affections and warm youthful blood,

She would be as swift in motion as a ball

My words would bandy her to my sweet love,

And his to me.

But old folks, many feign as they were dead-

Unwieldy, slow, heavy and pale as lead.

O God, she comes! O honey Nurse, what news?

Hast thou met with him? Send thy man away.


LUKE: I can’t. It’s too big.

YODA: Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size, do you? Hmm? Hmm. And well you should not. For my ally is the Force, and a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you; between you, me, the tree, the rock, everywhere. Yes, even between the land and the ship.

GOLLUM/SMEAGOL: We wants it. We needs it. Must have the precioussss. They stole it from us. Sneaky little hobbitsesss. Wicked, trickssssy, falssse! No! Not Master. Yes, precious. False. They will cheat you, hurt you, lie. Master’s my friend. (taunting) You don’t have any friends. Nobody likes YOU…..Not listening. Not listening. You’re a liar and a thief. (shaking his head) Nope. Mur……derer….!(starts to cry and whimper) Go away. Go away! (cackles) Hahahahaha! (cries, whispering) I hate you, I hate you. (Fiercely) Where would you be without me! Gollum, Gollum. I saved us. It was me. We survived because of me! (resolute) Not anymore. (surprised) What did you say? Master looks after us now. We don’t need you. What? Leave now and never come back. No!!! (louder) Leave now and never come back! (bares teeth, growling) Arghhhh! LEAVE NOW AND NEVER COME BACK.  (Smeagol pants and looks around for Gollum)We….we told him to go away! And away he goes, preciousss. (dances around, happily) Gone, gone, gone! Smeagol is free!

Luisa (Age range 14-22)

This morning a bird woke me up. It was a lark, or a peacock; something like that. So I said hello. And it vanished, flew away, the very moment I said hello! It was quite mysterious. So do you know what I did? I went to my mirror and brushed my hair two hundred times, without stopping. And as I was brushing it, my hair turned mauve, No , honestly! Mauve! Then red, then some sort of deep blue when the sun hit it… I’m sixteen years old, and every day something happens to me. I don’t know what to make of it. When I get up in the morning and get dressed, I can tell….. something’s different. I like to touch my eyelids, because they’re never quite the same. Oh, oh, oh! I hug myself till my arms turn blue, then I close my eyes and cry and cry till the tears come down and I can taste them. I love to taste my tears. I am special. I am special! Please God, please, don’t let me be normal!


“When it was my turn, I would step on the stage and pose. (Stand up on tip toes with arms curved overhead like a ballerina and then relax and be all perky and bubbly)  I wanted everyone to see my costume. It’s so pretty! It has little tiny roses and sparkly rhinestones and my Mommy says I look just like a Fairy Princess. Then I would twirl around and give the audience a saucy wink.

My Daddy  said that guys always like saucy girls and then Mommy said “George!” (Say George with a scandalous voice)  and then they started kissing and I had to close my eyes. (Put hands over eyes and then spread them and peek through before dropping them)  Parents! (Shake head ruefully) ………Then , as the music got slower, I would change my face and be more serious and dramatic. (Actress gives a dramatic, angsty face)  But now I can’t even dance!”


About Mark Piper

Over three decades in the international Theatre, Film & Television industries, Mark Piper’s award-winning career has seen him on the initial teams Producing and Directing many international drama programs. Water Rats – Director Pilot Episodes (Australia), Mercy Peak (NZ), Beastmaster (USA), Ponderosa (USA), Neighbours, Home and Away, All Saints – Co Director Pilot, Blue Heelers, Always Greener, Halifax F.P (Australia), & Gute Zeiten Schlechte Zeiten – Adviser & Pilot Director (Germany)
Beginning his career as an Actor in New Zealand, Mark went on to running Director Roger Donaldson’s (“The World’s Fastest Indian”) company, & then worked on such films such as “The Blue Lagoon” with Brooke Shields, “Tim” & “Attack Force Z” with Mel Gibson, and “My Brilliant Career” with Sam Neil and Judy Davis. More recently he has been working with internationally acclaimed actors Eric Bana, Chris Hemsworth, Isabel Lucas, Kylie Minogue, Simon Baker.
In 1995 Mark led a unique project with Care Vietnam, in conjunction with the Vietnamese Government entitled ‘Qio Qua Mien Toi’; a 32-part Drama series, of which Mark Piper was the Executive Producer. This was a TV series utilised on behalf of the Government to highlight the HIV & AIDS problem emerging in Vietnam; Mark was involved from the outset to set-up the concept and assisted in sourcing finance through French private investors as well as sourcing key personnel from Australia to mentor the Vietnamese crew. This has inspired Mark with his current project in development “Buscar – oneworldonelove” which Mark soon hopes to shoot in Hawaii USA.

Mark has been a tutor at NIDA, Actors Centre, Bond University, and various other institutions as well as conducting his own workshops nationally. He mentors both Actors and Directors

He judged the 2012 Logies & the 2011 to 2014 International Emmy Awards, was Board member for ASDACS & Screenworks & on the Selection Committee for Flickerfest International Film Festival


Piper Pictures 1980 – current
  • Producer, BUSCAR – oneworldonelove, TV Drama Series
  • TV & Film Producer / Director  Various Projects
  • Trainer & Facilitator Byron Bay Film & Television School (CEO)
  • Independent Film & TV Consultant
Go Wyld Productions
  • Producer, PHOBOS, Horror Film in Post Production
NIDA, International Film School, Actors Centre 2007 – 2009
  • Teacher and Mentor for Screen Actors & Directors
Network 7 1980 – 2009
  • Series Director
    • Home and Away
    • Always Greener
    • All Saints
    • Blue Heelers
    • Rafferty Rules
    • Neighbours
    • Sons and Daughters
    • A Country Practice
    • Acropolis Now (Sitcom)
Hallmark Channel USA 2001
  • Series Director, Ponderosa
UFA / RTL Germany 2001
  • Pilot Director, Gute Zeiten Schlechte Zeiten Drama Series.
Network 9 1996 – 2001
  • Series Director, Water Rats
  • Director Telemovie, Halifax FP
  • Director for Murder Call, Prime Time and Chances.
Care Vietnam, Vietnam Government 1995
  • Executive Producer, Qio Qua Mien Toi, Drama Series
Network 10 1985 – 1988
  • Series Director, Beastmaster
  • Series Director, Neighbours 1985 – 1988
  • Series Director, E Street
  • Director, Richmond Hill 1988
  • Director, Pacific Drive
  • Director, Prisoner, 1978
ABC 1991
  • Series Director, GP
South Pacific Films, NZ 1991
  • Series Director, Mercy Peak
  • Series Director, Shortland Street
Feature Films 1976 – 1980 Assistant Director / Unit Production Manager
  • The Blue Lagoon  – Brook Shields, Randal Klieser
  • Attack Force Z – Mel Gibson, Sam Neil
  • Tim – Mel Gibson, Piper Laurie
  • Sleeping Dogs – Sam Neill, Roger Donaldson
  • My Brilliant Career – Judy Davis & Sam Neill
  • Money Movers – Bruce Beresford
  • Dawn  – Ken Hanam


Director & Producer

Piper Pictures Pty Ltd 1990 – 2009


Piper Pictures was established as a vehicle for unique and creative Film and TV projects conducted across Australia and in various international markets.  The business also offers Business Consulting, Mentoring, Training, TV & Film Consultancy and is engaged across national and international projects. In addition, Piper Pictures has produced a variety of workshops designed specifically for actors, directors and producers, often entering the industry for the first time.

Key Responsibilities & Contributions

  • “BUSKER”, is a Feature Film and Television drama series, currently in development which has been created by Mark Piper with a scheduled launch for 2010.
  • PHOBOS ‘fear kills’ is a low budget Horror Feature Film, Mark Piper is the Producer and the project is currently in Post Production phase.
  • Led a unique project with Care Vietnam, in conjunction with the Vietnamese Government entitled ‘Qio Qua Mien Toi’; a 32-part Drama series, of which Mark Piper was the Executive Producer. This was a TV series utilised on behalf of the Government to highlight the HIV & AIDS problem emerging in Vietnam; Mark was involved from the outset to set-up the concept and assisted in sourcing finance through French private investors.
  • Director and Consultant of the Pilot TV Drama Series – Gute Zeiten Schlechte filmed in Germany and based on successful Australian series. Engaged by The Fremantle Group who have reinvented and franchised popular Australian serial dramas to other countries. Asked to go to Berlin for one year to direct the pilot and advice in the set-up of the series including casting, locations, style and look of each series.
  • Engaged as the Director for Water Rats, TV Drama Series about Australian water police which was successfully sold to 179 Countries. Involved in the set-up of the drama show on Sydney Harbour, Directed pilot episodes, initial casting, locations, and set up and style; successfully managed complex water logistics.
  • Key Director and involved in the initial setting up of  Network 7 Australia’s internationally successful dramas, Sons and Daughters, Neighbours, Blue Heelers, Home and Away and All Saints and many other dramas over a 25 year period.
  • Directed a one-off episode of Home and Away “Hearts Divided” in 2003 which was subsequently used as a template to refresh the look of the entire series.
  • Engaged on the Blue Lagoon, feature Film; invited to Fiji to coordinate logistics of shoot from USA and Australia to an Island in the Yasawas Islands Fiji. Coordinated all building of sets and setting up of film on Island before main crew arrived, then joined the production as the Assistant Director for Film.
  • Teacher & Mentor for Drama Directors Network 7, NIDA, Actors Centre, and International Film School and for various workshops conducted nationally.


New Zealand Institute of Business

Management Diploma


Member Australian Directors Guild (ADG)

Board Member 10 Years ASDACS

Screen Directors Guild of New Zealand

Selection Committee Member for

Flickerfest International Short Film Competition


Lisa Noonan

Executive Director


Mark Gaal

Artistic Associate

National Institute of Dramatic Art (NIDA)

Jan Bladier

Film and Television Producer